Hundreds of 1000’s of children at greater danger from coronavirus an infection are to be provided a Covid vaccine within the UK.
However, the overwhelming majority of children won’t be immunised.
Which children shall be provided the vaccine?
The proof on the harms and advantages of vaccination has been reviewed by the UK’s Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI).
It has advisable vaccinating children aged 12-15 in the event that they are at greater danger of Covid as a result of:
- Severe neurodisability (which might embrace circumstances reminiscent of cerebral palsy, autism or epilepsy)
- Down’s syndrome
- A severely weakened immune system, together with some children with most cancers
- Profound and a number of studying difficulties
Those at greater danger who are already aged 16 or 17 may be vaccinated beneath present guidelines.
The JCVI has additionally advisable immunising 12-17 yr olds who reside with individuals who have a suppressed immune system, as a type of oblique safety.
What about those that are almost 18?
Young individuals who are inside three months of turning 18 can even be provided the jab.
Born in the summertime, they’d be the youngest of their lessons. The goal could be to get them protected earlier than going to school or beginning work.
Which vaccine will they get?
It would be the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.
This is the one vaccine that has been authorised to be used in children within the UK. The medicines and security regulator has given a license for the vaccine for use within the over 12s.
Is the Covid vaccine protected for children?
No medication is totally protected and all are a steadiness of danger and profit.
But the Pfizer jab would not have been authorised for UK use if it wasn’t thought of protected.
The vaccine has been linked to extremely uncommon circumstances of irritation of the guts muscle (myocaritis) and of the sac the guts beats inside (pericarditis). This was discovered to be extra widespread in youthful males and after a second dose.
But the European Medicines Agency – which approves vaccines for the European Union – says there have been one-to-two circumstances per million folks given the vaccine. Nearly everybody made a full restoration.
What are different international locations doing?
Many international locations have already determined to vaccinate children over the age of 12 – together with Canada and Brazil.
The EU authorised the Pfizer vaccine for over-12s in May – after a research discovered an analogous immune response in 12- to 15-year-olds as for 16- to 25-year-olds. Children have been additionally discovered to expertise the identical widespread unwanted effects, reminiscent of complications.
Both Pfizer and Moderna are conducting trials of their vaccines on children as younger as six months outdated.
Will all UK children be provided the vaccine?
The authorities’s vaccine advisors say the advantages of being vaccinated are very small in wholesome children. This is as a result of so few children grow to be critically unwell or die from Covid.
The JCVI additionally says the profit to adults from vaccinating children (to restrict the unfold of Covid) is unclear as so many susceptible folks have been immunised already. It additionally says there isn’t a clear proof that vaccinating children will stop kids from getting long-Covid.
However, the JCVI is ready for extra security and effectiveness knowledge to see if extra children needs to be provided jabs.
There is not any vaccine presently authorised to be used within the beneath 12s within the UK.
How many children have died from Covid?
Almost all children and younger folks are at very low danger from Covid-19.
Data for England suggests about 25 children died from Covid within the first 12 months of the pandemic.
The majority of them additionally had extreme well being issues, together with complicated neurodisabilities.
Only six had no recorded well being circumstances.