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Skateboarding, climbing and karate: The words you’ll need to know to watch new sports at the Olympics

And to higher perceive and take pleasure in these sports, informal viewers might need to study some new sports phrases.

While every sport has its personal loyal following outdoors the Games, informal Olympics followers will not be very aware of the particular terminology related to these occasions.

Nicholas Watanabe, an affiliate professor in sports and leisure administration at the University of South Carolina, mentioned that as somebody who’s half Japanese and practices a Japanese martial artwork, he’ll be snug watching occasions like karate.

“But for the widespread lay one that hasn’t had these experiences, they’re simply going to don’t know” what a few of the phrases imply, he mentioned.

Experts with language-learning app Babbel compiled a listing of phrases related to sports like karate and climbing, which each have occasions debuting at the Games this week, to assist viewers sustain.

Sport climbing phrases

Slovenian climber Janja Garnbret competes in a Climbing IFSC World Cup event in Villars-sur-Ollon, Switzerland, on July 3, 2021.
Three types of sport climbing events will take place in Tokyo: velocity climbing, the place two climbers compete to make it to the high of a wall first; lead climbing, the place athletes climb as excessive as they presumably can inside a specified time, and bouldering, the place climbers comply with mounted routes inside a specified time.

Common phrases you would possibly hear talked about throughout the three occasions embody:

Problem: A climber’s time period for a bouldering route.

Crux: The crux of a climbing route is taken into account its most tough part.

Crimp: A small climbing maintain, accomplished by wrapping the thumb over the index finger in a form of pinching movement.

Bridging: A climber in a nook would possibly unfold their legs so that every foot touches a separate wall. A bridge refers to a climber’s legs, and bridging refers to the act of balancing by doing the splits.

Dyno: Short for dynamic, it describes a tough transfer that includes leaping between holds and breaking contact with the wall fully.

Deadpoint: The second in a dynamic transfer the place the climber grabs a maintain whereas transferring between upwards acceleration and falling again down to the floor.

Flag: Sticking a leg out in opposition to a wall for steadiness.

Smearing: A climbing transfer that employs the wall, quite than holds, on a route. It includes smearing a foot down a wall to achieve momentum in the absence of a foothold.

Pumped: An indication {that a} climber is weakened or in ache. It refers to bulging forearms which can be pumped stuffed with blood throughout a extra grueling climb.

Karate phrases

Spanish karate competior Sandra Sanchez, an Olympic favorite, at a training session on February 24, 2021 in Madrid.

Karate’s debut at the Tokyo Olympics can pay homage to its cultural roots in Okinawa, an island area of Japan. It will characteristic athletes competing in two occasions: Kata, which suggests “kind,” and Kumite, which refers to sparring.

Some of the strikes in Kata, which is judged based mostly on a competitor’s kind, embody:

Saifa Kata: This interprets to “to smash and tear” in English. It includes tearing oneself from an attacker’s grip, then countering with punches, again fists, and hammer fists.

Chinto Kata: This means “crane on the rock.” This transfer makes use of a one-legged stance, resembling the one in every of the spindly chicken, about to strike.

Chinte: This interprets to “uncommon palms” or “unimaginable palms,” and it will get its title from hand strategies, together with defenses involving the use of elbows, spear palms, and palm strikes.

Spanish athlete Damian Quintero, a world champion in Karate Kata, trains in Madrid on June 3, 2020.

Here are some phrases for Kumite, the place two folks spar in opposition to one another:

Shobu Hajime: This means the begin of a karate match.

Yame: This means “cease,” normally for an interruption mid-match or at the finish of the match.

Tsuzkete: This phrase roughly interprets to “battle on.” It can be utilized after an official stoppage or informally if the referee feels that the fighters have been inactive for too lengthy.

Aka (Ao) No Kachi: This indicators a win at the finish of a match. The referee extends their arm up on the aspect of the winner.

Skateboarding phrases

Hayley Wilson of Australia competes in the women's street skateboarding event on July 26 at the Tokyo Olympic Games.
Skateboarding can be new to this yr’s Olympics. The males and girls’s avenue occasions have been held final week, with the park occasions happening this week. Unlike avenue skating, the place skaters navigate stairs, handrails, benches and different obstacles sometimes present in city streetscapes, the park occasions feature riders tackling a hollowed-out course of curves and bowl-shaped ramps.
Here are some key skateboarding phrases to consider, in accordance to the San Francisco Exploratorium’s skateboard science glossary.

Deck: The flat a part of the skateboard a rider stands on.

Bail: When a skateboarder falls or decides in mid-air to not land a trick.

Bank: Any form of incline used for a trick.

Fakie: Skating backwards.

Momiji Nishiya of Japan reacts after winning the women's street skateboarding event on July 26 at the Tokyo Olympics.

Goofy-footed: Riding with the proper foot at the entrance of the board (as an alternative of the left foot, which is extra widespread).

Grind: Scraping the board’s axles on any form of railing or curve.

Ollie: A soar that begins with the rider tapping the tail of the board on the floor. It’s the foundation of most methods in skateboarding.

Kickflip: A variation of the Ollie the place the skater kicks the board right into a spin earlier than touchdown on it.

Noseslide: Sliding the underside of the nostril finish of the board throughout the edge or lip of an impediment.

Tailslide: Sliding the underside of the board’s tail finish throughout the fringe of an impediment.

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