It stands for the Russian Olympic Committee, and it is basically a loophole that permits Russian athletes to compete in the Olympics whereas their nation is banned from the Games due to its doping scandal.
There are some particular guidelines the ROC has to comply with to clarify it is not representing the nation of Russia.
In 2019, the World Anti-Doping Agency banned Russia
from all worldwide sporting competitions, together with the Olympics, for 4 years over doping non-compliance.
The punishment was associated to inconsistencies in knowledge retrieved by WADA in January 2019 from the Moscow lab at the heart of a 2016 report
that uncovered a widespread and subtle state-sponsored sports activities doping community. WADA’s compliance assessment committee steered sanctions as a result of the Russian Anti-Doping Agency failed to absolutely cooperate throughout probes into the nation’s sports activities.
Last yr, the Court of Arbitration for Sport minimize Russia’s ban in half to two years
following an enchantment. The ban now ends December 16, 2022. Until then, Russian athletes aren’t ready to compete beneath their nation’s title, flag and nationwide anthem at the 2020 Tokyo Olympics rescheduled
to this summer time.
Competing as impartial athletes
Under the ban, Russian athletes can nonetheless play as impartial athletes — which suggests they don’t technically characterize a particular nation — if they will show that they had no hyperlink to the doping scandal.
More than 300 athletes
are doing that at the Tokyo Olympics.
The crew nonetheless bears the nation’s colours of white, blue and crimson, and options athletes who’ve represented Russia in earlier Olympics.
But as an alternative of Russia’s flag, the crew’s flag options its colours in an Olympic flame positioned above the 5 Olympic rings. If an athlete wins the gold, Pyotr Tchaikovsky’s “Piano Concerto No. 1” might be performed as an alternative of the Russian nationwide anthem.
Russians have performed beneath a number of crew names all through the previous century, representing the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the Unified Team, in accordance to the team’s page on the Olympics website
More than 100 Russian athletes had been banned from the 2016 Rio Olympics, which got here shortly after the report on state-sponsored doping.
The present ban additionally means Russia cannot be represented as a rustic at the 2022 World Cup or the 2022 Winter Olympics, so Russia’s flag and anthem will not be at the Olympics till the 2024 video games in Paris
CNN’s Ben Church, Ben Morse, Martijn Edelman, George Ramsay and Zachary B. Wolf contributed to this report.