Home Health Which children are being vaccinated and why?

Which children are being vaccinated and why?

By James Gallagher
Health and science correspondent

picture copyrightGetty Images

Hundreds of 1000’s of children at larger danger from coronavirus an infection are to be supplied a Covid vaccine within the UK.

However, the overwhelming majority of children won’t be immunised.

Which children might be supplied the vaccine?

The proof on the harms and advantages of vaccination has been reviewed by the UK’s Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI).

It has really useful vaccinating children aged 12-15 in the event that they are at larger danger of Covid resulting from:

  • Severe neurodisability (which might embrace circumstances corresponding to cerebral palsy, autism or epilepsy)
  • Down’s syndrome
  • A severely weakened immune system, together with some children with most cancers
  • Profound and a number of studying difficulties

Those at larger danger who are already aged 16 or 17 could be vaccinated below present guidelines.

The JCVI has additionally really useful immunising 12-17 yr olds who dwell with individuals who have a suppressed immune system, as a type of oblique safety.

What about those that are practically 18?

Young individuals who are inside three months of turning 18 may also be supplied the jab.

Born in the summertime, they’d be the youngest of their courses. The purpose can be to get them protected earlier than going to school or beginning work.

Which vaccine will they get?

It would be the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.

This is the one vaccine that has been accredited to be used in children within the UK. The medicines and security regulator has given a license for the vaccine for use within the over 12s.

picture copyrightGetty Images
picture captionNurse prepares a Pfizer vaccine dose

Is the Covid vaccine protected for children?

No drugs is totally protected and all are a stability of danger and profit.

But the Pfizer jab would not have been accredited for UK use if it wasn’t thought of protected.

The vaccine has been linked to extremely uncommon instances of irritation of the guts muscle (myocaritis) and of the sac the guts beats inside (pericarditis). This was discovered to be extra widespread in youthful males and after a second dose.

But the European Medicines Agency – which approves vaccines for the European Union – says there have been one-to-two instances per million folks given the vaccine. Nearly everybody made a full restoration.

What are different nations doing?

Many nations have already determined to vaccinate children over the age of 12 – together with Canada and Brazil.

The EU accredited the Pfizer vaccine for over-12s in May – after a examine discovered an identical immune response in 12- to 15-year-olds as for 16- to 25-year-olds. Children have been additionally discovered to expertise the identical widespread negative effects, corresponding to complications.

Both Pfizer and Moderna are conducting trials of their vaccines on children as younger as six months outdated.

Will all UK children be supplied the vaccine?

The authorities’s vaccine advisors say the advantages of being vaccinated are very small in wholesome children. This is as a result of so few children turn out to be severely in poor health or die from Covid.

The JCVI additionally says the profit to adults from vaccinating children (to restrict the unfold of Covid) is unclear as so many weak folks have been immunised already. It additionally says there is no such thing as a clear proof that vaccinating children will forestall children from getting long-Covid.

However, the JCVI is ready for extra security and effectiveness information to see if extra children ought to be supplied jabs.

There isn’t any vaccine at the moment accredited to be used within the below 12s within the UK.

picture copyrightGetty Images
picture captionYoung particular person vaccinated in north London

How many children have died from Covid?

Almost all children and younger folks are at very low danger from Covid-19.

Data for England suggests about 25 children died from Covid within the first 12 months of the pandemic.

The majority of them additionally had extreme well being issues, together with complicated neurodisabilities.

Only six had no recorded well being circumstances.

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